What examples are cited to support the argument that the film industry of the early 20th century reflected the beliefs, values and cultural tensions of the social era they were produced in? How did films begin to reflect a new youth culture and changing social attitudes in the 1960s and 70s? What cultural influences have we seen from independent and foreign films in recent decades in our era of globalization? While acknowledging ways that culture can shape films, let’s also consider how films can shape culture. According to the text, how have movies been used to influence mass culture, alter social beliefs and practices, and reinforce American traditions in the 20th century? How have films helped contribute to the formation of a mass culture on a global scale? Feel free to also comment on any interesting or surprising facts that you learned about the movie industry from this chapter.